Two elements of Gladue Analysis
(1) The unique systemic or background factors which may have played a part in bringing the particular Aboriginal offender before the courts; and
(2) The types of sentencing procedures and sanctions which may be appropriate in the circumstances of the offender because of his or her particular Aboriginal heritage or connection.
R v. Gladue  1 S.C.R 688 ("Gladue")
R v. Ipeelee  1 S.C.R. 433 ("Ipeelee").